Cell Line: MG-63
Cell Description: Human Osteosarcoma, bone
Culture medium: Minimum essential medium (Eagle) in Earle's BSS with sodium bicarbonate, 2 mM L-glutamine, 1,0 mM sodium pyruvate, 1% non-essential amino acids, 90%; heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum, 10%
Subculture routine: Remove medium, add fresh 0.025% trypsin solution for 2 to 3 minutes, remove trypsin and let the culture sit at room temperature for 10 to 15 minutes. Add fresh medium, aspirate and dispense into new flasks.
Split Ratio: A ratio of 1:4 to 1:8 is recommended
Fluid Renewal: 2 to 3 times weekly
Growth Properties: monolayer
Sterility: Tests for Mycoplasma, bacteria and fungi were negative
Biosafety Level: 1
Comments: Established from a 14 year old caucasian male
Description: High levels of interferon production can be induced using polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid,cycloheximide and actinomycin D.
Receptors Expressed: transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta, type I and type II)
Reference: Billiau A et al. Human interferon: mass production in a newly established cell line, MG-63. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 12: 11-15, 1977. Takeuchi Y et al. Relationship between actions of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and cell surface expression of its receptors in clonal osteoblastic cells. J. Cell. Physiol. 162: 315-321, 1995. Yee A et al. Biochemical characterization of the human cyclin-dependent protein kinase activating kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 271: 471-477, 1996.